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The Business Ombudsman Council provides recommendations to state bodies on the basis of individual cases and in accordance with published systemic reports. Here we have collected information on the implementation status of systemic recommendations only.

Report name
Issued recommendations
Execution status

Systemic report "Main problems faced by business in customs sphere"

To update the Explanation Letter, dated August 4, 2016 № 26593/7/ 99-99-19-01-01-17 or issue a new one or methodical recommendations for the customs to clarify the procedure for enforcing court decisions as well as decisions adopted within the framework of the administrative appeal procedure, approved in declarant’s favor. Due attention should be paid to the need to take into account not only the operative but also the reasoning part of the court decisions on the merits of the dispute. If a court decision were to find decision or action of the customs authority that led to (resulted in, caused) payment of excessive amount of customs duties as being erroneous or false – to state that such a language constitutes sufficient ground to proceed with the refund of overpaid sums of customs duties without initiating an additional judicial procedure.

State Tax Service of Ukraine

Implemented

To prepare amendments to the existing Draft Law of Ukraine No.4614 dated 06.05.2016 “On Introducing Amendments to the Customs Code of Ukraine to Ensure Protection of Intellectual Property Rights While Moving Goods Across Customs Border of Ukraine” No.4614 dated 06.05.2016; or to introduce an alternative draft law to ensure implementation in Ukraine of the requirements set forth in (i) Regulation (EC) No 608/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council regarding customs enforcement of intellectual property rights; as well as (ii) Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) No. 1352/2013 establishing the forms provided for in Regulation (EU) No 608/2013, in particular:1.1.To bring the concept "goods infringing Intellectual Property Rights" in line with EU requirements, including exclusion of goods that are objects of so-called "parallel trade” from the substantial scope of this concept (in accordance with Clauses 3-5 of Article 1 of Regulation No. 608/2013);1.2.To set forth clear procedural terms, unified with European Union requirements, applicable within the procedure for suspending customs clearance of goods suspected of infringing IPR (as stipulated by Articles 3, 7, 9, 11-12, 17-18, 23, 26 of the Regulation No.608/2013);1.3.To improve the regulation of the procedure for destruction of goods, whose customs clearance has been suspended on suspicion of violating IPR, including laying down the "tacit consent” principle for their destruction in the absence of objections from a declarant or owner of goods; establishing a simplified procedure for the destruction of goods containing in small consignments (according to Articles 25 – 26 of Regulation No. 608/2013);1.4.To approve unified IPR protection measures related forms in accordance with European Union standards (as prescribed by Regulation No.1352/2013).

Ministry of Finance
State Tax Service of Ukraine

Implemented

Systemic report "Abuse of powers by the law enforcement authorities in their relations with business"

To amend Section 2.5 of the Methodological Recommendations Regarding Procedure of Cooperation between Divisions of the State Fiscal Service while organizing, carrying out and implementing materials of audit of taxpayers, approved by the Order of the SFS of Ukraine No.22, dated 31 July 2014, to ensure that materials of tax audit can be transferred to the investigatory units for financial investigations (i.e., tax police) only after final acknowledgement of the tax liability under the framework of administrative and/or judicial procedure (in case taxpayer sought judicial assistance - from the date when court decision entered into force).

State Tax Service of Ukraine

Implemented
— comments: The BOC's recommendation has been implemented via adoption of the SFS' Order dated 18 July 2016 No.633 "On amending the SFS's order dated 31 July 2014 No.22"

Systemic report "Problems with administering business taxes in Ukraine"

To ensure stability of respective laws and regulations, once the deficiencies in the VAT electronic administration functioning are eliminated, so that they will remain unchanged (or significantly unchanged) for a significant time. If the sense of predictability is achieved, it would enable the taxpayers to plan their activities accordingly and significantly decrease administrative expenses covering the cost of adjustment to the new rules and regulations.

Ministry of Finance
State Tax Service of Ukraine

Implemented
To implement a transparent, informative and user-friendly interface of the electronic record system aimed at providing taxpayers with the information on the status of their VAT accounts. This could be implemented via a single electronic office of the taxpayer. Such electronic office shall provide comprehensive information to the taxpayer, so that the taxpayer could reconcile the information in the electronic administration system with the records of the VAT reports. It shall be ensured that the records made in the system cannot be changed manually. Besides, it shall also not only indicate the threshold amount calculated according to the prescribed formula, but also clearly itemize the algorithm of formation of the computed elements of the formula.

State Tax Service of Ukraine

Implemented
— comments: In 2017, the SFS and the State Treasury of Ukraine implemented the transparent, informative and user-friendly interface of the electronic record system aimed at providing taxpayers with the information on the status of their VAT accounts. Such electronic office provides comprehensive information to the taxpayer, so that the taxpayer is now enabled, albeit not to the full extent, to reconcile the information in the electronic administration system with the records of the VAT reports.
To make enforceable in practice, the mechanism to return the excessive balance on the taxpayer's VAT account. In particular, there shall be no delays in communication between the tax authorities and the State Treasury regarding return of such excessive balance upon the taxpayer's request. This can be achieved, inter alia, by introducing personal disciplinary, administrative and financial liability of the officials of the tax authorities (for instance, in case of their failure to timely provide the State Treasury departments with the necessary information).

State Tax Service of Ukraine

Implemented
— comments: See the Law No.1797 dated 21 December 2016 "On Amendments to the Tax Code of Ukraine to Improve the Investment Climate in Ukraine".

To amend the Resolution of the CMU No.39 dated 17 January 2011, as well as Joint Order of the State Fiscal Service of Ukraine and the State Treasury of Ukraine No.68/23 dated 3 February 2011, to clearly state that the state treasury departments shall promptly pay to the taxpayer the VAT refund confirmed by a valid court ruling and with no further confirmation from the tax authorities.

State Tax Service of Ukraine

Implemented
— comments: The Law No. 1797 of 21.12.2016 provides for the introduction of an automatic VAT refund register. This is a new transparent approach to VAT refunds. However, for the purpose of the corresponding payment, it is necessary that the tax authorities in the field make relevant information about the court decision "in force" to the Tax Bloc.
To revise the Procedure of Taxpayers’ Record Keeping to significantly narrow down the scope of discretionary power currently vested with the tax authorities. In particular, the following amendments are worth being considered: the grounds for launching verification of the tax payers’ location by the tax authorities shall be limited to include only limited and specific number of instances to be directly envisaged in the legislation (for instance, during a tax audit of a taxpayer deemed to be in violation of its duties); if the information on the taxpayer’s location is properly confirmed through the State Registrar, this should be regarded as the sufficient proof for tax authorities; moreover, in this case tax authorities shall not be entitled to carry out such verification for certain reasonable period of time (for instance, one year).

Ministry of Finance
State Tax Service of Ukraine

Implemented
— comments: Commencing March 2016, the fiscal authorities are no longer entitled to issue the form 18-OPP (notice on the absence of legal entity at its location).Respective provisions have been excluded from the Procedure for Taxpayer Registration pursuant to the Order of the Ministry of Finance No.375 dated 18 March 2016.

To guarantee the transparency and objectivity of the administrative appeal procedure by mandatory involvement of experts to be engaged in consideration of the taxpayers' complaints. Such experts shall be independent from the State Fiscal Service and the Ministry of Finance. Involvement of experts shall be mandatory irrespective of the amount of additional tax liabilities charged and fines and penalties imposed.

State Tax Service of Ukraine

Implemented
— comments: On 21 October 2015, the Order No.916 "On approval of the procedure for registration and filing of complaints by taxpayers and their review by the controlling bodies" was adopted.In particular, according to the Order No.916, the consideration of the complaint materials may take place with the participation of the BOC’s and Minfin's authorized representatives; the BOC is entitled to submit its own objections. Yet, the administrative appeal procedure needs further improvement.